Case study

Development: Lower Mill Estate

Developers: Habitat First Group

Location: Cotswold Water Park, Gloucestershire


Lower Mill Estate has been designed to be landscape-led redevelopment of a former quarry, providing up to 575 holiday homes in a green and blue setting in the heart of the Cotswolds. To date 310 units have been completed and Mill Village, Copse Mere, Clearwater Village and Howells Mere are now complete. It is clear from both the Masterplan and the site visit that there is the network of green infrastructure features perform varied functionality for people and wildlife, both within the boundary of the scheme and beyond.

Originally the Lower Mill Estate was a livestock and arable farm with a farmhouse and a water mill drawing its power from the River Thames. It later became an extraction site for South Cerney gravel, resulting in virtually all the fields within the Estate being excavated to several metres depth and then allowed to flood. Some excavated fields were backfilled with the overburden and gravel washings and some left to vegetate naturally with willow being the main colonising tree. It is now actively managed by Habitat First Group to maximise its recreational and ecological value.

The scheme is divided into distinctive ‘villages’ and the local character of each adopts a sensitive approach to both architectural styles and landscaping, with provision of habitats supporting the local landscape character and contributing to a distinctive sense of place.

The key ecological characteristics of Lower Mill Estate comprise a rich variety of rivers, tributaries, drainage channels and open water bodies; watercourses lined with riparian vegetation with prominent lines of willows; scattered pattern of woodland copses resulting in a sense of enclosure and an intimate landscape; floristically rich hay meadows and pastoral land use; level land form with wide open skies; and modern waterside development with distinctive architectural style, making the most of building materials which reflect local vernacular.